Persönlicher Status und Werkzeuge

Sprachwahl

Zum aktuellen Vorlesungsverzeichnis geht es hier: https://campus.tum.de/


Grundlagen der Geobotanik (Geobotanik I) - Wintersemester

Inhalt: Biologische und ökologische Grundlagen: Art, Artbildung, Flora, Arealbegriff, Disjunktionen, Endemismus, Strahlungs- und Wasserhaushalt. Vegetationskundliche Begriffe (Konkurrenz, Pflanzengesellschaft, Assoziation,  Charakterart usw.), Vegetationszonen der Erde, vegetationsökologische Methoden, Vegetationskartierung, Vegetationsdynamik, Natürlichkeitskriterien, potenzielle natürliche Vegetation. Angewandte Vegetationskunde (Standortindikation, Zeigerwerte, Wald im Klimawandel, Wald u. Wild, Naturschutz).

The lecture lays the foundation for understanding the associations of plants. The goal is to introduce the essential terms, definitions and concepts of geobotany to the students and to point out in which fields geobotany is applied today (e.g. study of habitats, nature conservation, forest wildlife issues, change of vegetation due to immissions, global climate change). Key terms are: species concept, biogeography, radiation budget, water regime of plants, plan-plant-interactions, vegetation zones of the world, methods of phytosociology, vegetation dynamics, naturalness of vegetation, potential natural vegetation. In contrast to the traditional concept of lectures, the students prepare the respective topics independently guided by a particularly designed textbook; during the actual lectures the topic will be studied thoroughly with questions, discussions, explanations and additional information.


Vegetation Mitteleuropas (Geobotanik II) - Sommersemester

The lecture will present a systematic synopsis of the plant communities of Central Europe. The forest communities will be the main focus. Due to time constraints grassland communities will be roughly summarized, alpine types of vegetation will be covered more in depth. The discussion about the individual communities will include the following questions: Which species or what combination of species will distinguish the different communities, what is their ‘floristic finger-print’? What combinations of environmental factors determine the selection of exactly these species, what type of habitat is indicated by this community? How can the naturalness of the community be assessed in general and in detail for individual populations? What options of utilization do the populations of these communities offer? What type of threats do possible uses present to the ecosystem? What potentials do the individual populations offer for further development? It is the goal to connect the synopsis of the variety of species combinations with the options of utilization and assessment, preferably illustrated by Central European forest communities.


Vegetation der Tropen und Subtropen - Wintersemester

Inhalt: Grundzüge der Vegetationsverbreitung in den Tropen und Subtropen: mediterranoide Vegetation, evergreen broadleaved forest ecosystems, Steppen- und Wüstenvegetation, trockenkahle Wälder, tropische Regenwälder. Mittelmeergebiet, Nord- und Südafrika, Kanaren, Australien, SO-Asien, Borneo Vorgestellt werden die Vegetationstypen, ihre Artenzusammensetzung, Geschichte, die bisherige und heutige Nutzung sowie Zukunftsoptionen der Landnutzung.

The ecosystems of the tropics and the sub-tropics are an important potential for land use in these regions; however, they are often threatened by overuse. The goal of the lecture is to impart a survey of the basic subtropic-tropic ecosystems, their environmental conditions, their use and degree of endangering. The students shall learn to understand and appreciate ecosystems (in this case with emphasis on vegetation types) on a global scale as important resource for sustainable land use. Ecosystems of concern are: mediterranean sclerophylous vegetation and their phases of degradation, arid regions of the subtropics and tropics, evergreen broadleaved forests of the subtropics, deciduous open woodlands/savanna, tropical rainforest including its different altitude. Regions: Central Sahara, Canary Islands, Southern Africa including the Cape region, Australia, China, Borneo.


Vegetation und Landnutzung Chinas - Wintersemester

China is a large country with a cultural tradition of more than six thousand years. There is a wide variety of ecosystems, and these ecosystems are increasingly influenced by man. The main ecosystems of the flat, hilly or montaneous eastern part of China are presented: steppe vegetation of the inner part of China, deciduous forests of the temperate zone, evergreen broadleaved forests as well as tropical and monsoon forests, and the vegetation and land use differentiation in mountain areas (including high mountain coniferous forests). The utilization of landscape is in the focus of this lecture. Land devastation problems and restoration options are discussed as well as new strategies in agriculture and forestry. Is recent land use sustainable? Or how can it changed to become sustainable? Case studies, which will be examined in depth, are the Loess Plateau of north-west China, the Qing-Ling-Mountains and other smaller mountains, south-eastern China and the island of Taiwan (for comparison : parts of Japan). The most important agricultural and forest species are discussed in detail.


Biodiversity and Protected Habitats - Sommersemester

1. Wildlife management principles;
2. Species action plans;
3. Wildlife management plans;
4. Relevant international conventions;
5. National laws and wildlife consevation;
6. Cultural dimensions in wildlife management;
7. Community based wildlife management.


Nature Conservation and Ecotourism - Sommersemester

Nature based tourism and ecotourism; economics of ecotourism; ecotourism and regional planning; tourist expectations and visitor programmes; show cases; minimization of negative impacts of tourism. 


Geobotanische Übungen - Sommersemester

The "Exercises in Geobotany" offer hands on training for the theoretical aspects of the lectures geobotany I and II. The phytosociological method of vegetation survey will be applied in case studies in the field, the analysis of the data will be conducted exemplary with traditional and modern methods. The major forest types of Central Europe are introduced with actual examples in Southern Bavaria (from Freising to the northern edge of the Alps): e.g. beech forests, acid soil beech forests, oak-hornbeam forests, black elder paludal forests, snow heather-pine forests, mixed montane forests on the Alps’ northern edge, spruce forests, peatland and boulder field forests. The students shall learn how to record actual communities, how to classify them in a floristic-sociological manner and how to assess them concerning forest and land use as well as nature conservation. 


Geobotanische Übungen für Fortgeschrittene und Interdisziplinäre Exkursionen - Sommersemester

Exercises in Geobotany II is directed towards students, who have a basic knowledge of geobotany and are interested in deepening this knowledge. The focus of these exercises are ecosystems outside Bavaria (changing anually), which are well-suited for the illustration and examination of ecosystemic correlations. For example: The recording of forest type structures in the primeval forest of Bialowieza (East-Poland), comparing commercial forests and primeval forests can be used to deduce important processes of forest type development (utilized vs. unused). The Canary Islands offer important sub-tropic ecosystems in immediate neighborhood and allow a combined floristic climatological analysis. Alpine ecosystems in the limestone or silicate Alps are a rewarding destination with Munich being the German university town closest to the Alps. Boreal forest ecosystems can be visited in Northern Finland including visiting National Park and getting experience in ecotourism.


Bachelor-Projekt - Sommersemester

Bachelor-Projekte werden in verschiedenen Bereichen der näheren Umgebung von Freising angeboten, z. B. Optimierung der Waldfunktionen in einem stadtnahen Waldgebiet-Isarauen bei Freising oder vegetationskundliche, standortkundliche und Waldbauliche Analyse der Wälder im Universitätswald Landshut.


Leitung des Moduls Leben über der Waldgrenze - Vorlesung und Exkursion - Sommersemester

Vorlesung „Leben über der Waldgrenze - Pflanzen, Tiere, Ökosysteme" ( (Prof. Dr. Anton Fischer, Prof. Dr. R. Schopf, Dr. A. Gruppe): Daten und Fakten zu den Alpen, Pflanzengesellschaften der alpinen bis nivalen Stufe, . Anpassung an einen extremen Lebensraum, Pflanze-Tier-Interaktionen, Inneralpine Trockeninseln, Alpen & global climate change, Einfluss einer "wandernden" Waldgrenze, alpine Fauna im internationalen Vergleich.

Exkursion in die alpine Stufe der Alpen: "Leben über der Waldgrenze: Pflanzen, Tiere, Ökosysteme im Vergleich Kalkalpen-Silikatalpen (alle genannten Dozenten): die Exkursion geht zu 2 gebieten in den Alpen: einmal Kalkalpen, einmal Silikatalpen, jeweils alpine Stufe. Untersucht werden schwerpunktmäßig die Rasengesellschaften und Schneebodengesellschaften sowie der Waldgrenzökoton. Zoologischer Schwerpunkt: Arthropoden und Wirbeltiere. Aufgesucht werden vergleichbare Standorte, die such nur im Ausgangsgestein unterscheiden.


Auswirkungen von "Global Change" auf die Vegetation - Sommersemester

Wissen, um Auswirkungen von Klimaänderungen in natürlichen Systemen - hier Vegetation - festzustellen; künftige Veränderungen und ihre ökologischen und sozioökonomischen Folgen abzuschätzen; Befähigung, Datenreihen statistisch zu analysieren und zu interpretieren.


Vegetation Ecology

Theory and definition of "biotope", preparation of outline maps using GIS, biotope mapping in field work, field data analysis and proposal for landscape management measures; requirements on landscape planning at different planning levels; criteria and methods for investigating and assessing different landscape functions: soil, water, air, climate, flora and fauna, visual landscape; special role of vegetation and biotopes as indicators for planning purposes; objectives, evaluation methods and concepts of sustainable land use planning with special regard to forest ecosystems; role of public participation and indigenous knowledge in land use planning. Insight in different fields of application such as Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), watershed management and management of protected sites.


Praktikum Waldökosystemmanagement

Das Modul behandelt praktische waldbauliche Probleme. Im Zuge einer Jahresbetriebsplanung werden Planungen aus produktions-, investitions- und entscheidungstheoretischer Sicht vorgenommen, unter Berücksichtigung der Verjüngung, der Holzverwertung, des Naturschutzes, der Arbeitstechnik und der Jagd.

Praktische Naturschutzaspekte (Bioindikatoren) sowie die gesetzlichen Vorgaben (v.a. EU-Recht) werden theoretisch und anhand eines Beispielforstes vermittelt. Am Beispiel des Opportunitätskosten-Begriffs werden Möglichkeiten der ökonomischen Bewertung von Naturschutzleistungen vorgestellt und diskutiert. (zusammen mit Prof. Dr. Thomas Knoke, Prof. Dr. Reinhard Mosandl, Dr. Sebastian Höllerl


Moose und Flechten - Ökologie, Systematik und Bestimmung


Veranstaltungen in den Ringvorlesungen:

Management of Human-Nature-Technology Systems, Forschungsmethoden der Ökologie und Evolution, Biodiversität und Biogeographie


Zum aktuellen Vorlesungsverzeichnis geht es hier: https://campus.tum.de/